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Encountering the News

Learning Objectives

  • To understand how schemas work and how they can affect journalists.
  • To be able to define the perseverance effect and the self-fulfilling prophecy.
  • To learn techniques to counter the potentially negative impacts of schemas on news stories.

Quick Links

Additional Exploration Exercises

Critiquing Coverage of the Duke Lacrosse Case

Script the Hollywood Movie

Chart an Event Schema

Practice Skepticism


  • Scholarly article about how people initially accept information and then think about whether to accept or reject the information as true. By Daniel Gilbert, How Mental Systems Believe, American Psychologist, 1991.
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